It’s hard to tell the reason simply judging from the error message. It is not necessary hard disk gets damaged, and system or partition problem also causes the problem. Thus here lists several solutions aiming at different causes and you can try them one by one.
Solution 1: Use system file checker
Windows provides basic tools to help fix errors, which is not known to many common users. Many problems appearing serious can be fixed by this simple tool and it’s not complicate to use. Users have no idea which system file is vital and whether it is damaged. System File Checker will check system file and handle integrity issue.
Click start button and enter cmd in the searching box. Then right click it and select the item “Run as administrator”
In the command prompt type sfc /scannow and press Enter key.
The process is fast and the result will tell whether there is interiority violation. This command scans all protected system files and replaces those corrupted files with a backup copy. Do not close the window before the verification is 100% complete.
Solution 2: Do a ChkDsk
The most important thing to solve any problem is keeping calm. If the first method doesn’t work on your case, then you can perform a ChkDsk.
Still, we need to get the Command Prompt, then enter partition drive letter (c:/d:/e: and so on) you want to chkdsk. If you want to test the default partition, then just leave it as it is.
Type “chkdsk” and press “Enter” key. Then ChkDsk begins working.
The main function of chkdsk is checking and repairing errors for NTFS and FAT file systems. Thus, if the error “Windows detected a hard disk problem” is caused by file system error, then the issue will be fixed after chkdsk. You’ll get a better understanding of what is going on with file system or hard disk.
The risk of performing chkdsk is losing data, as the file allocation table will be modified during the process. Thus it’s recommended to backup data before trying the command.
Solution 3: Check bad sectors for hard disk
The first method is testing and repairing system error and the second file system problem. If there is no problem with system or partition file system, then you need to test hard drive health condition. Bad sectors may happen to all hard drive and threat data security. How to check bad sectors?
DiskGenius is free partition manager, file recovery tool and system backup software. It includes the function for bad sector checking and repairing. This is third-party tool and you need to download and install it first.
Launch the program and you can see hard drives and partitions clearly displayed on the main interface with detailed information. Click menu item “Disk” and click “Verity or Repair Bad Sectors”.
The checking process may take a while if the drive or partition being scanned has large capacity. After the process is done, DiskGenius gives a report of bad sector conditions.
Bad sector repairing damages data stored on and near bad sectors, thus you need to backup important data before starting repairing. The limitation of this feature is that it is unable to repair physical bad sectors.
Solution 4: Contact hard disk support or find a professional repair center
The last thing we want is sending hard drive to repair center or contact support team. Disk repairing needs special machines and some damaged disks can’t be repaired. It’s suggested to contact support team if the drive is within the warranty period.